How Medications Help Addiction Treatment
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.
Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. There symptoms include
- Intense sadness
- Pain in the muscles
Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are
- They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
- Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
- Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
- Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
- When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
- Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
- Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
- Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.
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Medicines For Treating Alcohol Addiction
The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. Patient take these tablets every day.
Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- The brain receptors that produce pleasurable effects in the presence of alcohol are blocked by Naltrexone.
- Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
- Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
- Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
- It helps those who have gone through detox to stay sober.
- This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.
Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.
Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In a few cases, withdrawal symptoms may last for several months or even years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include
- Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
- It works just like the Heroin and pain relievers by connecting itself to the sensory nerves of the brain, but it does not cause dependence on the user.
- The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
- Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
- Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
- Find out more information about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Detoxing And Rehab
It is possible to detox at home. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Inpatient rehab often includes detox. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 246 1509.